Pharmacy in Indonesia is a dynamic and essential component of the country’s healthcare system. It encompasses a range of activities including medication management, pharmaceutical education, regulatory oversight, and patient care. The evolution of pharmacy in Indonesia reflects both historical influences and contemporary advancements, shaping its current practices and future directions. This article provides a detailed overview of pharmacy in Indonesia, exploring its history, current structure, challenges, and future prospects. Visit

Historical Background

  1. Colonial Era

The origins of pharmacy in Indonesia can be traced back to the Dutch colonial period, which began in the 17th century. The Dutch East India Company (VOC) established early pharmaceutical practices to cater to the needs of colonial administrators and European settlers. During this time, pharmacies were primarily focused on producing and dispensing medicines for colonial use, with limited attention given to local healthcare needs.

The Dutch introduced formal pharmaceutical education and training, setting … Read more

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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Enhanced Decision-Making

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Autonomous Systems

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In addition, the … Read more

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